By Robin P. Fawcett
This e-book describes and evaluates substitute ways inside of Systemic practical Linguistics (SFL) to representing the constitution of language on the point of shape. It assumes no past wisdom of SFL, and will as a result be learn as an creation to present matters in the thought. it is going to curiosity any linguist who takes a practical method of realizing language.
Part 1 summarizes the foremost advancements within the 40 years of SFL’s background, together with substitute ways inside Halliday’s personal writings and the emergence of the “Cardiff Grammar” instead to the “Sydney Grammar”. It questions the theoretical prestige of the ‘multiple constitution’ representations in Halliday’s influential Introduction to practical Grammar (1994), demonstrating that Halliday’s version also wishes an integrating syntax akin to that defined partially 2.
Part 2 specifies and discusses the set of ‘categories’ and ‘relationships’ which are wanted in a idea of syntax for a contemporary, computer-implementable systemic practical grammar. The theoretical recommendations are exemplified at each aspect, often from English yet sometimes from different languages.
The e-book is either a critique of Halliday’s present conception of syntax and the presentation of another model of SFL that's both systemic and both practical.
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Extra resources for A Theory of Syntax for Systemic Functional Linguistics
Patten's SLANG (1988), and the KOMET Project in multilingual text gen eration, as reported (for German) in Teich (1999), and to work in NLU by Kaspar (1988) and O'Donnell (1994). The COMMUNAL Project, however, is a later but completely new computer implementation of a SF grammar for English, derived from the earlier descriptive work of Fawcett and colleagues (while learning from the perceived strengths and weaknesses of the 'Nigel' grammar in Penman). The three most important innovations of COMMUNAL for our present purposes are the facts (1) that the system networks were explicitly developed to model the level of semantics; (2) that the realizations of meanings in lexis, intonation and punctuation have all been integrated with realizations in syntax and morphology from the inception of the project; and (3) that the concept of probability is built into the model at many different points.
Indeed, a series of introductory textbooks continued to present the S&C view of syntax well into the 1970s, including Strang 1962/68), Leech (1966), Scott, Bowley et al (1968), Turner & Mohan (1970), Sinclair (1972), Muir (1972), Benson and Greaves (1973) and Berry (1975 & 1977). io Here I shall foreground four concepts that were proposed in this period as additions to the "Categories" framework, each of which is of interest to us in the task of constructing a modern theory of SF syntax. The first two concepts are a pair of ideas that have come to play a major role in Halliday's later model of grammar — and especially in the framework that he uses for analyzing text-sentences in IFG.
1 The impact on Linguistics of Halliday's "Categories" (1961) In 1961 the journal Word published a paper that is arguably one of the most influential that has ever appeared in it: Halliday's "Categories of the Theory of Grammar". , Scale and Category Grammar, and so in due course Sys temic Functional Linguistics. It was soon reprinted in the prestigious BobbsMerrill Reprint Series, and excerpts from it have been included in quite a number of other volumes. ) Descriptions of languages that use the framework of concepts set out in "Categories" have had a considerable influence on both descriptive and applied linguistics.