By John J. McCarthy
This booklet describes Optimality idea from the head down, explaining and exploring the primary premises of OT and the implications that stick with from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the concept instead of the examples, on knowing what's certain approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal components of curiosity. The book's assurance extends to paintings on first- and second-language acquisition, phonetics and practical phonology, computational linguistics, old linguistics, and sociolinguistics. Chapters finish with wide feedback for additional interpreting, categorized via subject, and are supplemented through a big bibliography (over 800 items).
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Additional info for A thematic guide to optimality theory
Bankrupted, Egypt was seized as collateral for its debts; in 1876, France and Britain assumed joint economic control over the Ottoman province, citing the need to bring its wayward finances in line. This structure of governance—termed the Dual Control—was paternalistic, indeed 28â•‡â•‡|â•‡â•‡Overtureâ•‡ colonial; it both resurrected the French invasion of 1798 and predicted the British invasion of 1882. 82 Most of these territories were lost quickly to foreign intervention, but the Sudan remained under direct Egyptian control from 1821 to 1884, then under joint Egyptian-British dominion until 1952.
S H . 45 On the threshold between domination and resistance, a power that diverts both steals in. The colonizing text that wields this power mobilizes affect—the attachment of the colonized to themselves, which in politicohistorical terms is also an attachment to their lost sovereignty—to strategically re-present the colonizer as the most flattering “likeness” of the colonized. ” This book, then, stands in contrapuntal relation to Edward Said’s understanding of the impact of European cultural imperialism on the modern Arab-Islamic world.
In thus invoking the full polysemy of translation, I take care to historicize the term, exploring the unequal exchange of languages, of intellectual and spiritual idioms, and of subjectivities that underwrote both modern French or British efforts to seduce Egypt into empire and Egyptian receptions of that colonial enterprise. Reading the operations of translation within the frame of colonial history, I argue that translation is perhaps the most seductive of imperial powers. Translation, after all, forges from two differences the appearance of equivalence: its fundamental syntax is “x = y,” or “x ‘is’ y,” where the verb of being is functions in linguistic terms as a copula equating subject to predicate.