Download A thematic guide to optimality theory by John J. McCarthy PDF

By John J. McCarthy

This booklet describes Optimality idea from the head down, explaining and exploring the primary premises of OT and the implications that stick with from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the concept instead of the examples, on knowing what's certain approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal components of curiosity. The book's assurance extends to paintings on first- and second-language acquisition, phonetics and practical phonology, computational linguistics, old linguistics, and sociolinguistics. Chapters finish with wide feedback for additional interpreting, categorized via subject, and are supplemented through a big bibliography (over 800 items).

Show description

Read Online or Download A thematic guide to optimality theory PDF

Best language & grammar books

Bio-linguistics: The Santa Barbara Lectures

Is human language an evolutionary variation? Is linguistics a usual technology? those questions have bedeviled philosophers, philologists and linguists from Plato via Chomsky. Givon means that the solutions fall certainly inside of an built-in examine of dwelling organisms. during this paintings, Givon issues out that language operates among features of either advanced organic layout and adaptive behaviour.

News Talk: Investigating the Language of Journalism

Written by means of a former information reporter and editor, information speak provides us an insider's view of the media, displaying how reporters decide upon and build their information tales. Colleen Cotter is going backstage, revealing how language is selected and formed by way of information employees into the tales we learn and listen to. Tracing information tales from begin to end, she indicates how the activities of reporters and editors - and the restrictions of stories writing formulation - may possibly distort a narrative that used to be ready with the main decided attempt to be reasonable and exact.

Loan Phonology

For lots of diversified purposes, audio system borrow phrases from different languages to fill gaps of their personal lexical stock. The earlier ten years were characterised via an outstanding curiosity between phonologists within the factor of the way the nativization of loanwords happens. the overall feeling is that loanword nativization presents an instantaneous window for staring at how acoustic cues are classified by way of the particular positive aspects suitable to the L1 phonological procedure in addition to for learning L1 phonological strategies in motion and hence to the real synchronic phonology of L1.

Re-Assessing the Present Perfect: Corpus Studies and Beyond

The world of the current excellent has continually been a hotly contested floor among linguists, and up to date corpus reviews have proven that edition during this realm in English is way extra pervasive than formerly assumed. This quantity positive factors theoretically expert analyses of the expression of the current excellent in local and non-native Englishes, and represents the state-of-the-art in corpus-based works during this zone.

Additional info for A thematic guide to optimality theory

Example text

Bankrupted, Egypt was seized as collateral for its debts; in 1876, France and Britain assumed joint economic control over the Ottoman province, citing the need to bring its wayward finances in line. This structure of governance—termed the Dual Control—was paternalistic, indeed 28╇╇|╇╇Overture╇ colonial; it both resurrected the French invasion of 1798 and predicted the British invasion of 1882. 82 Most of these territories were lost quickly to foreign intervention, but the Sudan remained under direct Egyptian control from 1821 to 1884, then under joint Egyptian-British dominion until 1952.

S H . 45 On the threshold between domination and resistance, a power that diverts both steals in. The colonizing text that wields this power mobilizes affect—the attachment of the colonized to themselves, which in politicohistorical terms is also an attachment to their lost sovereignty—to strategically re-present the colonizer as the most flattering “likeness” of the colonized. ” This book, then, stands in contrapuntal relation to Edward Said’s understanding of the impact of European cultural imperialism on the modern Arab-Islamic world.

In thus invoking the full polysemy of translation, I take care to historicize the term, exploring the unequal exchange of languages, of intellectual and spiritual idioms, and of subjectivities that underwrote both modern French or British efforts to seduce Egypt into empire and Egyptian receptions of that colonial enterprise. Reading the operations of translation within the frame of colonial history, I argue that translation is perhaps the most seductive of imperial powers. Translation, after all, forges from two differences the appearance of equivalence: its fundamental syntax is “x = y,” or “x ‘is’ y,” where the verb of being is functions in linguistic terms as a copula equating subject to predicate.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.36 of 5 – based on 49 votes