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By A. R. Disney

The dominion of Portugal was once created as a derivative of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. without geographical raison d'?tre and no visible roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for lengthy remained a small, suffering realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, within the early 15th century, this not going springboard for Western growth unexpectedly started to gather an empire of its personal, finally extending greater than midway all over the world. The background of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing fairly on historic scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, deals readers a complete evaluate and reinterpretation of the way all this occurred - the 1st such account to seem in English for greater than a iteration. quantity I matters the historical past of Portugal itself from pre-Roman instances to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and quantity II strains the heritage of the Portuguese abroad empire.

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Extra info for A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 2)

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56 All these developments helped to keep attention focused on the traditional Muslim enemy. Nevertheless, emotional pressures might have been successfully contained had they not stirred so deeply, during the third quarter of the sixteenth century, in the young and impressionable mind of King Sebastia˜o. Sebastia˜o had succeeded his grandfather Joa˜o III when still in his infancy and began his personal rule at the age of fourteen in 1568. 57 He made his intentions clear by requiring aspiring noble youths to either serve three years in North Africa or perform exceptional services in India, before being considered eligible for knighthoods in the military orders.

But each of the principal Portuguese possessions also accumulated a community of moradores – permanent settlers and long-term civilian residents. Anto´nio Dias Farinha points out that it was not only the crown, nobility and upper bourgeoisie that showed interest in Morocco, but petty traders, artisans, fishermen and others of relatively low status, some of whom settled permanently. In addition, each prac¸a had its resident clergy, retired garrison troops, slaves, Muslim captives and a few Portuguese women.

4 Therefore, an alternative was needed – which could be found only in nearby Morocco. 3 4 Thomaz L F R 1994 pp 47–8, 50. Farinha A D 2002 pp 8–9. North Africa 3 One possibility was Ceuta, an ancient city located on the southeastern fringe of the Straits of Gibraltar. Ceuta had been briefly occupied by the Visigoths, first in the mid-sixth century and probably again in the early eighth century. In 711, it had served as the springboard for Tariq’s expedition against Visigothic Hispania, as it did for subsequent Islamic invasions up to and including that of the Almohads.

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